عنوان مقاله [English]
Political elites play a key role in formation and orientation of discourses; one of the roles of the elites is to dynamize political institutionalization and expands the field of politics and legitimize political dynamics and developments in the form of discourses. On the other hand, foreign policy is one of the areas that is changing under the influence of internal developments in countries and the changing discourse that governs it. Accordingly, the coming to power of Rouhani and the dominance of the discourse of moderation in the 1390s, caused a change in the foreign policy approach of the Islamic Republic of Iran. In this regard, the present study seeks to answer the question that what effect have the political elites had on its formation and orientation in foreign policy? To this issue, an integrated approach has been used; elite theory and discourse analysis. This study shows that the ruling of the Rouhani’s discourse (moderation) with the domination foreign policy elites, was reduced to a foreign policy discourse centered on the central sign of "interaction with the outside world". Therefore, this was formed not in opposition to the whole of the previous discourse, but in opposition to its confrontational and adventurous aspects in foreign policy, especially in relation with West. Thus, with the withdrawal of the United States from JCPOA, this discourse lost its hegemonic dominance and was pushed to the margins.