نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
استادیار جغرافیای سیاسی، دانشگاه پیام نور.
عنوان مقاله [English]
The Middle East is a geo politically-geo economically sensitive region. In this study, some goals and assumptions are considered, the overall purpose of which is to investigate the impact of the monopoly system on the Middle East. This research is based on a questionnaire. Designed questionnaires are based on Likert and Saatei spectroscopy. Editing and modifying the questionnaire as well as the statistical population of the respondents includes political science experts (Delphi Panel Working Group) is considered. The research hypotheses were based on multivariate decision model (hierarchical analysis model and ideal solution based on similarity model) as well as one-way ANOVA and HSD post hoc test. The results of the research of these models and statistical methods were obtained with Expert Choice 11, Excel 2016 and SPSS 25 software. The results show that the US military invasion of Iraq in 2003 with a value of 0.2125 is the most important factor in the rise of the monopoly system in international relations. The prospect of international relations also shows that China is 0.839 nearest to the ideal solution, the main candidate for the overthrow of the hegemonic system in the world and the Middle East and it drives the world system towards multipolarity. Also, in line with existing political philosophies, the United States uses the Hobbesian political philosophy with Sig = 0.016 more than others, so since 1991 it has usually used the Hobbesian philosophy in the Middle East.